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SLEP考试听力模拟样题
 

You will hear a social studies teacher talking.  Listen carefully.


Today, we are going to talk about the kingdom of Ghana, one of the greatcivilizations that developed in West Africa. The kingdom of Ghana is not the samething as the present-day country of Ghana. No, the kingdom of Ghana developed inWest Africa around 780 A.D.—that’s more than 1200 years ago.  Of course, thekingdom of Ghana didn’t start out as a great kingdom. When it began, it was just aplace (uh) where traders stopped on their way across the huge, hot, sandy Saharadesert. At first, it was just a small trading and agricultural center. A place wheretraders could rest and find food and water and shade. Lots of things were traded inthis small trading center, but the two most important trade items were gold and salt.Over time, more and more camel caravans began stopping there and Ghana,especially the king of Ghana, became rich and powerful. How did this happen?   Well, the king of Ghana taxed all the people who livedin the kingdom ofGhana. And then he figured out a way to bring in really big money. He decided totax each item that traders brought into Ghana and each item that left Ghana. Thinkabout that. What if I were king of this classroom and made everyone who came inor out of my classroom pay a tax. I could have you pay your taxes in money or inthings like pencils or CDs. The people in the kingdom of Ghana paid their taxes tothe king using gold and food they grew. And the traders also could pay their taxesin gold as well as in things they brought into the kingdom—salt, fine clothes, books,and imported foods such as oranges and dates. Over time, in this way, Ghanabecame a rich and powerful trading kingdom. 


What is the main topic of this passage? 

A.the importance of trade 

B.the development of the kingdom of Ghana

C. Ghana’s system of taxation 


The two most important items traded in Ghana were _____. 

A.gold and salt 

B.salt and imported foods

C. gold and imported foods 


Why did the kingdom of Ghana become wealthy and powerful? 

A.The land was good for farming. 

B.The people made fine clothes and books and grew food.

C. It developed into a trading center.


 
 
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