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SLEP考试的阅读习题
 

 Part A

  1.Florence Nightingale was a woman ahead of her time. Before the 19th century, the profession of nursing was largely untrained. Midwives were the only practioners (1) had not any training at all. For the most part, sick people (2) looked after by the women in the house in their own homes.

  Florence Nightingale began a school in London, England (3) the standards for nursing. She was able to do this because she had already established a reputation for her work with soldiers during the Crimean War. She carried a lamp (4) her ahead as she walked among the wounded men,(5) earning the nickname “ the lady with the lamp”. It was this great lady who lit the way for nursing to become the respected profession it is today.

  (1) A, whom B, who C, which D, that

  (2) A, are B, were C, is D, was

  (3) A, to set B, set C, setted D, had set

  (4) A, above B, on C, in D, at

  (5) A, whereas B, otherwise C, thereby D, for

  (6) The passage is mainly about

  A, the impact of nursing on the soldiers of the Crimean War

  B, Florence Nightingale and her influence on the profession of the nursing

  C, how Florence Nightingale earned the nickname “ the lady with the lamp”

  D, why only females entered the profession of nursing

  (7) Which of the following was a method most people used to receive care before Florence Nightingale’s time?

  A, They would be cared for only by doctors

  B, They would be cared for their children

  C, They were cared by midwives

  D, They were cared for by female relatives

  (8) According to the author, the primary reason that Florence Nightingale was able to open a school for nursing was that

  A, she was already famous for her work in the war

  B, her family was willing to finance her work

  C, she had cared for many wealthy sick people herself

  D, she worked endless hours every night

  (9) The phrase “lit the way” in the last sentence is closest in meaning to

  A, lay the foundation

  B, make sense of

  C, make use of

  D, grow up

  2.All matter (1) made of atoms. Different kinds of atoms can combine to form new substances. The page you are reading is made up of billions of atoms. So(2) you. An atom is an exceedingly tiny thing. (3) , it would take a line of about 200 million hudrogen atoms, the smallest kind of atom, to span the distance of one inch.

  In the 19th century, many scientists thought that atoms were indivisible blobs of matter. Now we know that atoms are far more complicated. We also know that under the right conditions certain atoms can be split into smaller particles. When this happens, energy is (4) . In certain circumstances it is possible to capture this energy in the form of hear, (5) use the heat to make electricity.

  (1) A, are B, were C, is D, was

  (2) A, do B, is C, are D, about

  (3) A, for example B, therefore C, however D, so that

  (4) A, given off B, sent out C, taken away D, given in

  (5) A, after B, then C, before D, by

  (6) This passage is primarily about

  A, how matter is made

  B, what atoms are like

  C, how to generate electricity

  D, atomic energy heating systems

  (7) As used in line 3, “exceedingly” means

  A, somewhat

  B, increasingly

  C, extremely

  D, fortunately

 (8) All of the following are right except

  A, solids, liquids, and gases are all made of atoms

  B, atoms are composed of smaller particles

  C, all atoms are of the same size

  D, Living things are composed of atoms

  (9) what happens when an atom is broken apart?

  A, it forms small hydrogen atoms

  B, it captures heat

  C, it creates billions of new atoms

  D, it gives off energy

  (10) The author’s style is best described as

  A, dramatic

  B, poetic

  C, mysterious

  D, informative

  3.The first person in the group starts off (1) naming anything that is geographical. It could be a city, state, country, river, lake, (2) any proper geographical term. For example, the person might say, Boston. The second person has ten seconds to think of (3) the word ends and (4) with another geographical term starting with that letter. The second participant might say, Norway, since the geographical term has to start with Y. ?The third person would have to choose a word beginning with Y. If a player fails to think of a correct answer (5) the time limit, that player is out of the game. The last person to survive is the champion.

  (1) A, by B, in C, of D, at

  (2) A, and B, or C, with D, by

  (3) A, what B, why C, how D, when

  (4) A, come up B, comes up C, coming up D, came up

  (5) A, within B, on C, of D, between

  (6) This game may help you with____ .

  A. history B. music C. geography D. sports E. current events

  (7) The person trying to answer needs _____ .

  A. no time limit B. to know geography only C. to ignore the last letters of words

  D. to know something about spelling and geography E. to be a good speller

  (8) Before you choose your own word, think about how _____ .

  A. the last word starts B. the last word ends C. smart you are D. long the last word is

  E. the spelling of the first word

  (9). The answer must be _____ .

  A. in New York B. within the United States C. proper geographical terms

  D. in the same region E. along a coast line

  Part B

  1 We stopped to buy gas and to stretch our legs. We had left home early that morning and driven for what seemed like years. Now it was noon and the sun overhead was oppressive. The baby was crying. I wondered if we would ever reach our grandmother’s house. Father bought us bottles of something cool to drink. As we sat sipping our drinks beneath a shady tree, he began to tell us a story.

  1. What time did the family stop?

  (A) In the morning

  (B) At noon

  (C) In the afternoon

  (D) At night

  2. Where was the family going?

  (A) To the gas station

  (B) To visit their grandmother

  (C) Home from the store

  (D) Back from the park

  3. What was the weather like?

  (A) Cold

  (B) Rainy

  (C) Windy

  (D) Hot

  4. Why does the writer mention “years” (line 2)?

  (A) The family has been driving for a long time.

  (B) The father tells his story slowly.

  (C) The grandmother is very old.

  (D) The writer does not remember what happened.

  5. When did the father tell the story?

  (A) As he was walking

  (B) After he bought the drinks

  (C) Before the family sat down

  (D) When the family returned to the car

  2 The dark and the sea are full of dangers to the fishermen of Norway. A whale may come and destroy the floating chain of corks that edge the nets, break it, and carry it off. Or a storm may come suddenly, unexpectedly, out of the night. The sea seems to turn somersaults. It opens and closes immense caverns with terrible clashes, chasing boats and men who must flee from their nets and the expected catch. Then the men may lift their nets as empty as they set them. At other times the herring may come in such masses that the lines break from the weight when lifted, and the men must return home empty-handed, without lines, nets, or the herring.

  But often the nets are full of herring that shine and glisten like silver. Once in a while, a couple of men will venture in their boats along the net lines to see whether the herring are coming, and when the corks begin to bob and jerk, as if something were hitting the nets to which they are attached, then they know that the herring are there. The nets are being filled, and all the men sit in quiet excitement. They dare only to whisper to each other, afraid to disturb, and quite overcome by the overwhelming generosity of the sea. Eyes shine in happy anticipation; hands are folded in thanks. Then muscles strain with power. It is as though the strength of the body doubled. They can work day and night without a thought of weariness. They need neither food nor rest; the thought of success keeps their vigor up almost endlessly. They will take food and rest when it is all over.

  1. The best title for this passage is

  (A) “Whaling in Norway.”

  (B) “The Perils and Rewards of Fishing.”

  (C) “Hard Work in Norway.”

  (D) “Risky Business.”

  (E) “The Generosity of the Sea.”

  2. The fishermen’s difficulties include

  (A) the eating of the herring by whales.

  (B) becalming.

  (C) an attack on the men by the

  herring.

  (D) the jerking of the corks.

  (E) interference by rough seas.

  3. At the first indication that herring are entering the nets, the men

  (A) try not to frighten the fish away.

  (B) strain every muscle to haul in the catch.

  (C) glisten like silver.

  (D) collect the nets quickly.

  (E) row quickly along the edge of the nets.

  4. Which quality of the sea is NOT mentioned?

  (A) Its sudden changes

  (B) Its generosity

  (C) Its beauty

  (D) Its power

  (E) Its destroying strength

  5. The fishermen are described as

  (A) patient, brave, and cautious.

  (B) angry, weary, and sickly.

  (C) strong, angry, and reckless.

  (D) skillful, impatient, and weary.

  (E) hardworking, surly, and excitable.

  6. Which is NOT mentioned as a problem to fishermen?

  (A) Destruction of the nets

  (B) Too large a catch

  (C) Rough seas

  (D) Unexpected storms

  (E) Theft of the nets by other fishermen


 
 
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